20 Point Agreement

In January 1962, the British government, in collaboration with the Federation of the Malaya Government, appointed a commission of inquiry on northern Borneo and Sarawak to determine whether the people supported the proposal for the creation of a Malaysian federation. The five-person team of two Malayans and three British representatives was led by Lord Cobbold. [2] The Lansdowne Committee was established to draft the final details of the Malaysian agreement. Lord Lansdowne served for Great Britain and Tun Abdul Razak, Deputy Prime Minister of the Federation of Malaya. [3] This is only one of the initial 20 points. Others are even more difficult to determine whether they have been fully respected. I think it is strange to suggest that we should consider the 20 points as an `agreement`. Take, for example, point 2 of the 20-point memorandum: „English should be the official language of North Borneo for all intents and purposes, the state or the Confederation, without time limit.“ This 20-point agreement is fundamental to „the relationship and respect for the corresponding rights for Sarawak and Sabah.“ One way or another, after 45 years, the federal government began to ignore the agreement and even changed the „rules“ without the agreement of Sarawak and Sabah. The 20-point agreement or the 20-point memorandum is an agreement between the State of Sabah (then North-Borneo) with the federal government of the Federal Government of Mexico prior to the creation of Malaysia on September 16, 1963.

A similar agreement was reached between the State of Sarawak and the federal government, but with some differences in their 18-point agreement. Some of these points have been included in the Malaysian Constitution, while the rest of Sarawak`s 18 points is described as follows: here is the point of this history lesson: when we talk about the 20-point agreement, what do they refer to? About two weeks after the announcement, Sabahan Donald Stephens convened a meeting of political leaders in northern Borneo, who developed a 14-point program with minimum requirements. These were then increased to 20 points. How about the agreement with Malaysia? The legal position of the signatories of Sabah and Sarawak is not as clear. The British historian A.J. Stockwell noted that the British were privately debating whether these leaders could be parties to the agreement, because neither North-Borneo nor Sarawak were sovereign states. Is this the 20 points that Donald Stephens set in August 1962? It was more like a memorandum, and it was done without any input from the Malaysian representatives. And do your facts correctly, Sarawak or Sabah is not a state of Malaysia…

we are a merger or partnership that has been asked to join the Westies just to win the majority of Bumiputra, or else it has been called the majority „Malays“. Are you asking me to grow up? I`ve grown up. Leadership that has severely hampered the growth of our Sarawak, both economically and socially.