The UNEP report stresses the need for even more urgent action to improve measures to curb the fight against climate change. If global greenhouse gas emissions do not fall by 7.6% per year between 2020 and 2030, the world will not be on track to meet the 1.50C temperature target set by the Paris Agreement. In accordance with the Paris Agreement adopted in December 2015, INDC will be the first national contribution (CNN) when a country ratifies the agreement, unless it decides to present a new CNN at the same time. Once the Paris Agreement is ratified, the NDCD will be the UNFCCC`s first greenhouse gas target, which will apply to both developed and developing countries.  On August 3, 2016, China and the United States ratified the agreement. Together, they account for 38% of total global emissions, with China alone emitting 20%.  India, which accounts for 4.1% of emissions, ratified the Paris Agreement on 2 October 2016 by tabling the ratification instrument with the United Nations.  It is unclear to what extent the 21% reduction alleged between 2005 and 2014 is due to concerted climate action. By comparison, in its own NDC, China claimed to have reduced the CO2 emission intensity of its GDP by 33.8% over the same period. Continued coal development is an essential reserve in India`s prospects.
The 1.5 degree Celsius Paris agreement means India must exit coal in the energy sector by 2040. In 2018, the National Electricity Plan (NEP) included more than 90 GW of planned coal-fired power plants, which would unnecessarily increase emissions and risk becoming failed assets. Abandoning these plans is more than feasible if recent developments are seen as a 50% reduction in the cost of solar electricity in just two years and several supply plans for the construction of coal-fired power plants. Nationally planned contributions (INDCs) are (expected) reductions in greenhouse gas emissions under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). All countries that signed the UNFCCC were invited to publish their INDCs at the 2013 UN Climate Change Conference in Warsaw, Poland, in November 2013.   The proposed contributions were established without prejudice to the legal nature of the contributions.  This was a trade-off between the „quantified emission limitation and reduction target“ (OUROs) and „nationally appropriate mitigation measures“ (NAMA), by which the Kyoto Protocol describes the different legal obligations of developed and developing countries. The INDC combines the top-down system of a UN climate agreement with the bottom-up system elements by which countries present their agreements within their own national circumstances, capabilities and priorities, with the aim of reducing global greenhouse gas emissions in order to keep global temperature rise to 2 degrees Celsius.
 The „Green India“ mission to achieve this goal is woefully underfunded and regularly misses its annual targets. This has made it difficult, if not unlikely, to make the promise for 2030 a cleansing. In 2017, India`s per capita fossil fuel emissions are by far the lowest of the major economies: India`s annual GDP growth was only about 1 percentage point slower than the average in previous years. Emissions growth rates almost halved from 4.8 percent before 2015 to 2.3 percent in 2015 and 2.9 percent in 2016 and 2017, according to the 2018 edition of PBL`s Trends in Global CO2 and Total Gas Gas Emissions report. Dutch Environment Agency.