The Union of Utrecht (1579) was signed by the seven northern provinces of the Netherlands in league against Spain; The treaty established a military league to resist the Spaniards and served as a base for the Dutch Republic and, later, the Kingdom. The archdiocese of Utrecht was… it was born out of the Union of Utrecht (1579), which was to improve the military capabilities of its signatories in the largest association of the insurgent provinces. When the southern provinces (later Belgium and Luxembourg) were recaptured by Spain, the provinces bound by the Utrecht Pact… xxiv. And to strengthen this association, the owners of the aforementioned provinces, who are or will be in office, as well as all judges and commanders of each province, their cities or their members, must take an oath to maintain and monitor this association and confederation and each of their particular articles and to ensure that they are held and respected.12 … the negotiator of the Union of Utrecht (completed in January 1579), which was to serve as a makeshift constitution for the united provinces until 1795. During the negotiations, it became clear that Oldenbarnevelt was aimed at securing Hollande`s politically unassailable position, to which the strategic everything but unassailable… Representatives of the parties to the Union of Arras agreed on a first draft treaty as early as 8 December 1578 (i.e. before the swearing-in of the declaration of 6 January 1579).
A second draft was signed on 9 January 1579 and a third, on 6 April 1579, 1579, between the representatives of Parma and the members of the Union of Arras. But the negotiations were still not over and Parma managed to obtain a number of other concessions to the contracting parties, which led to the version of 12 September 1579, ratified by King Philip and proclaimed in Mons. This is what is different, on important points, from the treaty signed on 17 May. [Note 1] In 1889, the Union was founded by Utrecht, and the Utrecht Declaration, published this year by the ancient Catholic bishops, is the Charter of Ancient Catholic Education and Politics.