Who Has Not Ratified The Paris Agreement

The UNFCCC, adopted in 1992, is a treaty between governments that forms the basis of global climate efforts. The convention, which is almost universally a member, was ratified by the United States with the advice and approval of the Senate. The convention set a long-term goal (to avoid „dangerous human intervention in the climate system“), established principles to guide global efforts, and committed all countries to „mitigate“ climate change by reducing or avoiding greenhouse gas emissions. The Paris Agreement sets out how countries will implement their UNFCCC commitments after 2020. On August 4, 2017, the Trump administration issued an official notice to the United Nations stating that with ratification by the European Union, the agreement received enough parts to enter into force on November 4, 2016. In addition, the agreement establishes a new mechanism to „facilitate implementation and promote compliance“. This committee of „non-adversarial“ experts will try to help countries that are lagging behind in their commitments to get back on track. There are no penalties for non-compliance. The extent to which each country is on track to meet its commitments under the Paris Agreement can be continuously tracked online (via the Climate Action Tracker[95] and the Climate Clock). The Paris Agreement, adopted in Paris on 12 December 2015 and signed at the United Nations Headquarters in New York on 22 April 2016, which entered into force on 4 November 2016 after being ratified by 96 States (188 to date), reflects the resurgence of strong international climate ambitions. .